|Antipaedobaptism in the Thought of John Tombes|
An Untold Story from Puritan England
Dr. Mike Renihan
One reader said, "Looking at the plain cover, and knowing that this was Dr. Renihan's doctoral thesis, one might easily conclude that this is a boring book. This would be an epic mistake. Dr. Renihan has written a fascinating, highly engaging biography and examination of the thought of John Tombes, a little-known figure of the 17th Century who, as the previous reviewer indicated, doesn't really fit into any existing category of thinker on the subject of baptism. Many thanks to Dr. Renihan for writing this book!"
This volume is Dr. Renihan's doctoral dissertation and a very useful volume for those who are interested in the history of doctrine. John Tombes (1603-1676) baptist divine, was born of humble parentage at Bewdley, Worcestershire, in 1602 or 1603. He matriculated from Magdalen Hall, Oxford, on 23 Jan. 1617-18, aged 15. His tutor was William Pemble [q. v.] Among his college friends was John Geree [q. v.] He graduated B.A. on 12 June 1621.
He regularly attended Baxter's Thursday lecture at Kidderminster, and tried to draw Baxter, as he had already drawn Thomas Blake [q. v.], into a written discussion. Baxter would engage with him only in an oral debate, which took place before a crowded audience at Bewdley chapel on 1 Jan. 1649-50, and lasted from nine in the morning till five at night. Wood affirms that 'Tombes got the better of Baxter by far; ' Baxter himself says, 'How mean soever my own abilities were, yet I had still the advantage of a good cause.'
He published: 1. 'Vae Scandalizantium; or a Treatise of Scandalizing,' Oxford, 1641, 8vo; with title 'Christ's Commination against Scandalizers,' 1641, 8vo (dedicated to Viscount Scudamore). 2. 'Iehovah Iireh . . . Two Sermons in the Citie of Bristoll . . . March 14, 1642, with a short Narration of that . . . Plot,' 1643, 4to (8 May, dedicated to Fiennes). 3. 'Fermentum Pharisseorvm, or à Wil-Worship,' 1643, 4to (1 July). 4. 'Anthropolatria,' 1645, 4to (9 May). 5. 'Two Treatises and an Appendix . . . Concerning Infant Baptisme,' 1645, 4to (16 Dec.; includes an 'Examen' of Marshall's sermon on baptism). 6. 'An Apology à for the Two Treatises,' 1646, 4to; 'Addition,' 1652, 4to. 7. 'An Anti-dote against the Venome of à Richard Baxter,' 1650, 4to (31 May). 8. 'Precursor . . . To a large view of à Infant Baptism,' 1652, 4to. 9. 'Joannis Tombes Beudleiensis Refutatio positionis Dris. Henrici Savage,' 1652, 4to. 10. 'Antipaedobaptism,' 1652, 4to (28 Nov., dedicated to Cromwell); 2nd pt. 1654, 4to; 3rd pt. 1657, 4to (replies to twenty-three contemporary writers). 11. 'A Publick Dispute . . . J. Cragge and H. Vaughan,' 1654, 8vo. 12. 'A Plea for Anti-Paedobaptists,' 1654, 4to (26 May).
[?4?] 13. 'Felo de Se. Or, Mr. Richard Baxter's Self-destroying,' 1659, 4to. 14. 'A Short Catechism about Baptism,' 1659, 8vo (14 May). 15. 'True Old Light exalted above pretended New Light,' 1660, 4to (against quakers; preface by Baxter). 16. 'Serious Consideration of the Oath of . . .Supremacy ' , 4to (22 Oct.) 17. 'Romanism Discussed, or, An Answer to à H. T.,' 1660 4to (30 Nov.; preface by Baxter; replies to Henry Turbervile's 'Manual of Controversies,' Douay, 1654, 8vo). 18. 'A Supplement to the Serious Consideration' , 4to (2 March). 19. 'Sepher Sheba; or, The Oath Book,' 1662, 4to. 20. 'Saints no Smiters; or à the Doctrine à of à Fifth-Mon- archy-Men . . . Damnable,' 1664, 4to (dedicated to Clarendon). 21. 'Theodulia, or Defence of Hearing . . . The present Ministers of England,' 1667, 8vo (dedicated to Clarendon; licensed by the bishop of London's chaplain). 22. 'Emmanuel; or, God-Man,' 1669, 8vo (against Socinians; licensed by the archbishop of Canterbury's chaplain). 23. 'A Reply to à Wills and à Blinman,' 1675, 8vo. 24. 'Animadversiones in librum Georgii Bullii,' 1676, 8vo.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1- New Classification Needed
2- The History and Development of John Tombes's Antipaedobaptist Polemic and the Literature that Produced it
3- The Baptismal Theology: Early Influences
4- Organisation and Exegetical Arguments
5- Theological Arguments
6- Historical Arguments
7- Practical Arguments and a Statement of Tombes' Theology of Baptism
8- Reaction from Tombes' Contemporaries
Appendix: A Short Catechism about Baptism by Tombes
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|THE DISTINCTIVENESS OF BAPTIST COVENANT THEOLOGY: Revised Edition A Comparison Between Seventeenth-Century Particular Baptist and Paedobaptist Federalism|
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|COVENANT THEOLOGY FROM ADAM TO CHRIST|
Nehemiah Cox and John Owen
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|THE FATAL FLAW of the Theology Behind Infant Baptism|
The Fatal Flaw exposes the inconsistencies of the theology behind infant baptism. Rather than rehashing the familiar arguments against infant baptism, this work seeks to undercut its very foundation. What is the theological system which under girds infant baptism and where does this system come unraveled? This work answers these questions by explaining the distinction in the nature of the old and new covenants and their often misunderstood relationship with one another. This critical discussion of the continuity and discontinuity of the covenants is thoroughly explored in this book. To understand the biblical connection between the covenants, it is vital to first understand the dual nature of the Abrahamic Covenant. What is the relationship between Abraham and Moses, Abraham and Christ, and Moses and Christ? The debate of continuity and discontinuity between the old and new covenants cannot be properly solved until the intended nature of the Abrahamic Covenant is fully comprehended.
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Tom Nettles, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
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